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Hair damage can happen to just about anyone. It ranges from very noticeable to undetected damage. Some hair damage can appear right on the surface of the hair, but other damage could be taking place under the scalp at the follicle.

There are many different types of hair damage from extreme dryness to breakage. You have to be in tune with your hair to notice when changes are taking place. Some factors that contribute to hair damage include overall health and improper hair styling or maintenance.

What are the signs?

  • Roughness. If you run your fingers over a strand of hair and it feels very rough, it may be damaged.
  • Dryness. Overly dry hair may appear dull, frizzy and brittle. It may break easily

  • Split ends. If your hair is coming out easily when combed in broken pieces, you may have split ends. Sometimes you can hold strands up and see the hair splitting at the ends.

  • Low Porosity. Porosity is the ability of the hair to hold moisture. If you have low porosity, your hair can easily be over heated, over processed and can lose its natural moisture because it cannot hold enough moisture  to retain it.
  • Tangles. If your hair easily mattes or is severely tangled, you may have to cut off certain sections of the hair or roughly detangle it with tools, which can lead to undue breakage.

  • Loss of Elasticity. When you stretch your hair and it doesn’t bounce back or it stays elongated, you are losing elasticity, it could also break. This affects the ability to hold curls.

  • Fading color. If your color fades fast, your hair may be highly porous and damaged.

Pay close attention to your hair to ensure that it remains healthy and strong. You can prevent damage by keeping your hair clean and conditioned. Trimming is also important in preventing split ends.

Avoid the over use of heat such as hair dryers, flat irons, curlers and other heated elements. Prolongued use of heating tools can also change the texture of the hair permanently, removing most of the hair’s elasticity.

Detangling the hair before shampooing and after prevents knots and matting of the hair. Both can lead to breakage and hair loss. If your hair is overly porous, be sure to use products that can fill the spaces and build up the weakened strands for styling.

For dry and rough hair, using a leave in conditioner and moisturizing creams can help soften and untangle the hair. Sealing the moisture in with oils or butters keeps the hair moist and softer for a longer period of time while adding sheen. Taking proper care of your hair and scalp along with eating a balanced diet, exercising and getting plenty of rest can all contribute to the health of your hair and scalp as well as promoting growth.